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What Injuries Should I Apply a Cold Pack To?
- Ankle sprain
- Knee sprain
- Muscle or joint sprain
- Red, hot or swollen body part
- Acute pain after intense exercise
- Recent injuries within 48 hours
Tips for Cold Therapy (Cryotherapy)
Cold therapy or cryotherapy is used by many professions including athletes for acute injuries. With recent injuries (within last 48 hours) where swelling is a problem, ice can minimize swelling, reduce bleeding into tissue, and reduce muscle spasm and pain. Cold therapy constricts blood vessels. Ice is good for repairing tissue damage and inflammation around the injury.
It is important to respond quickly. The sooner you apply the cold pack the more likely the injury will heal quickly. Ice packs may also be used after high-intensity exercises to prevent or reduce inflammation.
What Injuries Should I Apply a Hot Pack To?
- Chronic pain
- Sore & Tight Muscles
Tips for Heat Therapy (Thermotherapy)
Heat packs are primarily for non-inflammatory body pain including relaxation, comfort, duller and persistent pains associated with acute soreness, stiffness, cramping, and/or sensitivity. Heat allows blood vessels to expand and relaxes muscles. The soothing effect occurs because heat stimulates circulation and increases tissue elasticity. Never apply heat to